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Blog: Understanding Latin America’s Financial Inclusion Gap 

Liliana Rojas-Suarez
December 16, 2014

By and large, citizens of wealthier countries have more access to financial services than citizens of poorer countries. In the Republic of the Congo, for instance, only 9 percent of adults have access to formal financial institutions. In high-income countries, that share is 90 percent, according to World Bank calculations. Latin America presents a bit of a puzzle: when compared to other countries with similar degree of real income per capita, Latin America’s degree of financial inclusion is nearly 40 percent lower. I and my co-author analyze that gap in a CGD working paper and find that institutional deficiencies and income inequality are the most important contributors.


Working papers highlights: Latest Research

New entries on 15 December 2014


Blog: Social Protection Systems in Latin America and the Caribbean: Argentina

Fabián Repetto and Fernanda Potenza Dal Masetto
December 12, 2014

The social security system has seen the most substantial changes in recent years. Argentina has implemented its Plan de Inclusión Previsional (Pension Inclusion Plan), the result of which is that the country now has the highest rate of retirement coverage in Latin America: nine out of ten people of retirement age now receive some type of pension benefit, as compared to around only seven out of ten in the mid-1990s (UNDP and Consejo Nacional de Coordinación de Políticas Sociales, 2010). In addition, the State has taken control of privately managed pension funds, ending the individual capitalisation system (Law No. 26.425).


Book of the week: Happiness by Design: Change What You Do, Not How You Think

Review by: Eduardo Lora
11 December 2014


Blog: The effects of the “moratorium” pension reform in Argentina on elderly women – Part 2

Inés Berniell (CEMFI), Dolores de la Mata (CAF) and Matilde P. Machado (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and CEPR)
December 9, 2014
 

At the end of August, the Argentinean Congress approved a new law with the objective of increasing pension coverage. The new law is an extension of the pension reform known as the “moratorium” or “housewives reform” adopted at the end of 2004 and put into effect in 2007. In this blog post, it is described and discussed the effects of such a large increase in senior women’s income on the probability of divorce/separation and on two outcomes that proxy for the bargaining power within the household namely, the probability of women being the head of the household, and the distribution of household chores.


Working papers highlights: Latest Research

New entries on 8 December 2014


Blog: Cambio Climático: Economía y Política

Sebastian Galiani, en colaboración con Brian Feld (Universidad de Buenos Aires)
December 4, 2014

El problema del cambio climático enfatiza la gran incertidumbre científica que aun hoy persiste sobre el mismo. Esta incertidumbre, sin dudas, afecta la toma de decisiones sobre acciones de política destinadas a mitigar el problema. Sin embargo, hay otras dificultades, aún mayores, para que los países se pongan de acuerdo en la adopción de acciones conjuntas que limiten la concentración de gases de efecto invernadero (GHG) en la atmosfera. Por lo tanto, asumamos como valido el diagnóstico del Grupo Intergubernamental de Expertos sobre el Cambio Climático (IPCC) y comencemos a pensar sus implicancias políticas y económicas.


Blog: Minería y territorio: Una tarea pendiente

Andrea Furnaro (Rimisp-Centro Latinoamericano para el Desarrollo Rural)
December 2, 2014

Existe una deuda en la generación de conocimiento sobre los efectos de las grandes inversiones mineras. Las dudas sobre quienes financian y ejecutan los estudios y la poca independencia de las consultoras hace imperativo recurrir a entidades con credibilidad, neutrales y con reconocimiento. 


Working papers highlights: Latest Research

New entries on 1 December 2014


Blog: Impactos locales del boom global de materias primas: ¿Qué nos dice la experiencia de Perú entre 2007-2011?

Omar Zambrano (BID)
November 28, 2014

Los efectos que tiene la abundancia de los recursos naturales sobre el desempeño de las economías y el bienestar de la población ha sido un tema recurrente en la literatura económica desde Adam Smith. La bibliografía al respecto es extensa, sin embargo, es a partir del influyente trabajo seminal de Sachs y Warner (1995), el cual inaugura la tradición de la llamada maldición de los recursos naturales, cuando aparece una ola de estudios basados en datos nacionales de corte transversal, que parece confirmar una relación empírica entre la abundancia de RR.NN. y un relativo pobre desempeño económico y social.


Working papers highlights: Latest Research

New entries on 27 October 2014


Blog: A case for redistribution? Income inequality and wealth concentration in the recent crisis

Thomas Goda (EAFIT)
November 24, 2014

It is well established that economic inequality has grown in most OECD countries over the past 30 years. This rise in inequality is the reason that several Nobel laureate economists made a call for more progressive taxation. Our study shows that these calls are justified on the ground that rising income inequality and wealth concentration contributed to both the financial crisis of 2007-09 and the sovereign debt crisis in the Euro area in complex but essential ways.


Opportunities: Call for papers

New entries on 19 November 2014

  • LACEA´S Labor Network 3rd annual meeting in Cartagena, Colombia May 2015. Deadline January 31, 2015.
  • RIDGE and America Latina Crime and Policy Network - Workshop on Economics of Crime, Montevideo, Uruguay, March 2015. Deadline: 15 December 2014.
  • The Center for Inter-American Policy and Research (CIPR) invites applications for four (4) research fellowships for the Academic Year of 2015-2016

Opportunities: Massive Open Online Courses

Courses starting in December 2014 and January 2015

  • Economics of Transition and Emerging Markets - National Research University - Higher School of Economics
  • New Venture Finance: Startup Funding for Entrepreneurs - University of Maryland
  • Microeconomics principles- University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Blog: Crowdfunding + Bank Lending: a finance formula for innovative SMEs

Virginia Robano (OECD)
12 November 2014

Crowdfunding is a finance technique that uses the internet to match investors and borrowers for projects of common interest. The main benefit of crowdfunding is that it closes part of the finance gap that firms observe, in a shorter time span (usually in less than 60 days) than traditional bank lending.

 

 

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Book of the week

Happiness by Design: Change What You Do, Not How You Think

Review by: Eduardo Lora
Go to Book of the week here

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Find the latest research papers presented in the most recent conferences and workshops of the 2014 LACEA networks.

AL CAPONE
4th meeting - Sao Paulo School of Economics, April 24-25, 2014.
Find papers here

ECONOMIA
Spring 2014, Volume 14, Number 2
Find articles here

IMPACT EVALUATION NETWORK 
7th Annual Meeting - Lima, October 25th and 26th, 2013.

Find papers here

LABOR NETWORK
2nd Meeting - 
Cartagena, May 22nd – 23rd, 2014
Find papers here

NETWORK ON INEQUALITY AND POVERTY
2013 México and 2014 Chile
Find papers here

POLITICAL ECONOMY GROUP 
14th Meeting - Bogota, May 29-30, 2014 
Find papers here

TRADE, GROWTH AND INTEGRATION NETWORK (TIGN)
5th meeting - Universidad de Chile, May 24 and 25, 2014
Find papers here


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