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Blog: Central Banking in Latin America - Through the Lens of the Trilemma Hypothesis: A Never-Ending Rocky Journey

Luis I. Jácome (International Monetary Fund)
April 17, 2015

The oldest central banks in Latin America are close to becoming 100 years old. Throughout, they underwent a rocky journey that entailed different and often multiple mandates in response to changes in the international economic order and domestic political developments. This note tracks the changing role of Latin American central banks through the lens of the trilemma hypothesis, which provides a suitable framework for understanding how monetary policy has been framed over time. The trilemma hypothesis contends that small open economies can only achieve simultaneously two of the following three policy goals: (i) exchange rate stability; (ii) financial integration with the rest of the world; and (iii) control of monetary policy.


Teaching Resources: Open Online Courses

New entries on 16 April 2015

  • Curso Teórico-Práctico sobre Mercados Laborales, Pobreza y Desigualdad en América Latina organizado por CEDLAS y IDRC. del 1ro al 5 de Junio de 2015, en La Plata, Argentina.
  • Introduction to Statistics for the Social Sciences, University of Zurich. Starts: 21 April 2015.
  • Rethinking International Tax Law, Universiteit Leiden. Starts: 27 April 2015.
  • Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU). Starts: 27 April 2015.
  • Economics of Money and Banking, Part One, Columbia University. Starts: 4 May 2015.

Blog: Aumento del crecimiento gracias a políticas fiscales estabilizadoras

Xavier Debrun (FMI)
April 15, 2015

Es fácil imaginarse una economía en la que la inestabilidad, el estancamiento y déficits públicos galopantes convergen para crear una tormenta perfecta. Sin embargo, en la actualidad la contracara simple de esa imagen —es decir, estabilidad, crecimiento y equilibrio presupuestario—resulta extraña para muchos. Y con la política monetaria aparentemente en estado de agotamiento, hay quienes se preguntan si a lo mejor valdría la pena sacrificar la salud fiscal por el crecimiento a corto plazo.


Working papers: Latest Research

New entries on 14 April 2015


Blog: Cuando los miniadultos se convirtieron en niños

Florencia Lopez Boo (BID)
April 13, 2015

Parece ser que la noción de infancia no es (ni ha sido) un concepto fijo. En realidad, varía enormemente en la historia y entre las culturas. En un libro de 1960 que me fascinó —El niño y la vida familiar en el antiguo régimen— su autor, Philippe Ariès, argumenta que antes del siglo diecisiete, la infancia no era un concepto reconocido. Fue solo en algún momento entre 1600 y el siglo veinte que el término niño empezó a tener su significado actual.


Blog: Hecho en México: Cómo la reforma del sector energético puede estimular el crecimiento

Fabián Valencia (FMI)
April 10, 2015

En diciembre de 2013, México aprobó una ambiciosa y controversial reforma del sector energético, que transformará profundamente los sectores del petróleo, el gas y la electricidad, antes controlados por el estado. En resumen, la reforma abre estos sectores a inversores privados, mientras el gobierno retiene el control de los medios de transmisión y distribución a través de organismos de regulación independientes.


Opportunities: Jobs

New entries on 9 April 2015

  • Senior Economist, The World Bank. Deadline: April 13, 2015.
  • Education Economist Principal Specialist, Inter-American Development Bank. Deadline: April 19, 2015.
  • Convocatoria para incorporar profesores a tiempo completo, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú. Deadline: May 15, 2015.
  • Assistant Professor (Tenure Track), Economics Department, Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico City. Deadline: May 31, 2015.

Blog: Time to Adjust: But How, and When?

Andrew Powell (Principal Advisor, Research Department (RES))
April 8, 2015

Most countries in Latin America and the Caribbean are running significant structural fiscal deficits and debt levels are rising. At current rates of growth, the unpleasant arithmetic of debt sustainability indicates that unless something changes the continent will soon lose its much heralded “improved fundamentals” and may even risk becoming the “continent of crises” once again. How did we get here? What can countries do and how urgently should they act? These questions are the focus of the 2015 Latin American and Caribbean Macroeconomic Report.


Working papers: Latest Research

New entries on 7 April 2015


Blog: Why cash remains king in Chile

Bernardo Batiz-Lazo (Bangor University) and Juan Felipe Espinosa (Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso)
April 6, 2015

For more than a year now, Chileans have endured a crisis of cash access. Despite global moves toward new forms of payment such as contactless and mobile transfers, the crisis in Chile highlights the continuing importance of ATMs in today’s payment ecosystem for many people worldwide – particularly those with lower incomes.


Blog: La senda de Uruguay hacia el crecimiento sólido e inclusivo

Elif Ture (Departamento de Finanzas Públicas, FMI)
April 1, 2015

En los últimos 15 años, América Latina ha logrado enormes avances en la reducción de la pobreza y la desigualdad. Uruguay se destaca entre los países de la región como uno de los ejemplos más estimulantes del esfuerzo por fomentar el crecimiento acompañado de avance social. El aumento de las oportunidades y la mejora de los indicadores sociales que se registraron en Uruguay a partir de mediados de la década de 2000 constituyen un extraordinario caso de éxito en la recuperación económica y social posterior a una crisis.


Working papers: Latest Research

New entries on 31 March 2015


Blog: Effects of China’s slowdown on Latin America and the Caribbean

Marcio Cruz (Development Prospects Group, World Bank and UFPR), Young Il Choi (Development Prospects Group, World Bank) and Raju Huidrom (Development Prospects Group, World Bank)
March 30, 2015

Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) has become increasingly dependent on activity in China, partly as a result of heavy reliance on commodity exports. A 1 percentage point deceleration of growth in China has been associated with a 0.6 percentage point slowing of growth in the LAC region.


Blog: Social Protection Systems in Latin America and the Caribbean: Mexico

Enrique Valencia Lomelí (University of Guadalajara)
March 27, 2015

In terms of rights, the Mexican social protection system (MSPS) has been relatively ineffective; it is incomplete, weakly integrated, segmented and stratified, weak in terms of labour protection and conservative in its gender approach, and, furthermore, it is also fiscally weak. Alongside social security and educational organisations, institutions of social protection for poor people have recently been created. However, enormous challenges still remain for the MSPS to guarantee social rights. Limited advances in the progressivity of rights, which have come with the creation of new institutions, may maintain levels of profound inequality, without the universalisation of benefits.


Research: LACER-LACEA

New entries on 26 March 2015

 

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Find the latest research papers presented in the most recent conferences and workshops of the 2014 LACEA networks.

AL CAPONE
4th meeting - Sao Paulo School of Economics, April 24-25, 2014.
Find papers here

ECONOMIA
Spring 2014, Volume 14, Number 2
Find articles here

IMPACT EVALUATION NETWORK 
7th Annual Meeting - Lima, October 25th and 26th, 2013.

Find papers here

LABOR NETWORK
2nd Meeting - 
Cartagena, May 22nd – 23rd, 2014
Find papers here

NETWORK ON INEQUALITY AND POVERTY
2013 México and 2014 Chile
Find papers here

POLITICAL ECONOMY GROUP 
14th Meeting - Bogota, May 29-30, 2014 
Find papers here

TRADE, GROWTH AND INTEGRATION NETWORK (TIGN)
5th meeting - Universidad de Chile, May 24 and 25, 2014
Find papers here


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